How to Properly Set Up a DMARC Record

Understanding DMARC

DMARC, which stands for Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance, is an email authentication protocol designed to prevent domain spoofing, phishing, and other email-based attacks. By setting up DMARC, domain owners can instruct email receivers how to handle unauthenticated emails sent from a particular domain. The protocol defines policies that allow domain owners to specify actions to be taken when unauthenticated email is detected, making it easier to identify and block fraudulent messages.

Creating a DMARC Record

Setting up a DMARC record is easy and straightforward. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  • Start by determining which email domains you own and manage that should be covered by DMARC. This may include your primary domain, subdomains, and domains used by third-party email services that you use.
  • Create a DMARC policy and publish a DMARC record in your DNS (Domain Name System) for each of your domains.
  • The DMARC record should include the following items:
  • DNS text record name:
  • Policy syntax: “v=DMARC1; p=none;;; sp=none; adkim=s; aspf=s;”
  • The DMARC policy instructs the email receiver on how to treat messages from your domain that fail authentication checks. It includes the following options:
  • none: Receivers do not need to apply strict policies when receiving messages.
  • quarantine: Messages that fail an SPF or DKIM check are quarantined or sent to spam folders.
  • reject: Messages that fail an SPF or DKIM check are rejected and not delivered.
  • Monitor and analyze DMARC reports to gain insights into email traffic and authentication errors, validate the correct operation of SPF and DKIM, and identify possible attacks. DMARC aggregate reports are delivered to the email address specified by “”, while forensic reports are sent to “”.
  • What to Consider When Implementing DMARC

    When setting up DMARC, it’s essential to follow best practices and avoid common mistakes that could prevent proper email delivery or cause administrative headaches. Some key aspects to consider include: Find extra information about the subject in this suggested external resource. dmarc check, continue your learning process!

    How to Properly Set Up a DMARC Record 1

  • Ensure that all your email servers and third-party email services have proper SPF and DKIM records set up before enabling DMARC. Otherwise, legitimate emails may be flagged as suspicious or blocked.
  • Test your DMARC configuration thoroughly using monitoring tools and test accounts to verify that it is working as expected. Address any issues as early as possible to avoid delays or errors in email delivery.
  • Avoid setting the DMARC policy to “reject” before thoroughly testing and validating your email authentication setup, as it may cause legitimate emails to be rejected and lead to customer complaints or business disruptions.
  • Use a monitoring and reporting tool to manage DMARC records and gain insights into email security threats, domain reputation, and email deliverability. DMARC Analytics, for instance, is a free tool that provides DMARC reports, alerts, and analytics for domain owners.
  • Conclusion

    Setting up a DMARC record is a crucial step towards ensuring the security, integrity, and deliverability of your emails. By following the guidelines presented in this article, you can effectively protect your domain from phishing and email forgery attacks, as well as monitor and control your email traffic effectively. While DMARC is not the ultimate solution for email security, it is a powerful tool that can be combined with other methods, such as SPF, DKIM, and end-to-end encryption, to mitigate email threats and enhance customer trust.

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